Qualcomm Incorporated
QUALCOMM INC/DE (Form: 10-Q, Received: 01/30/2013 16:12:42)
 
 
 
 
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
_____________________
FORM 10-Q
_____________________
(Mark one)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended December 30, 2012
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from               to
Commission File Number 0-19528
QUALCOMM Incorporated
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
95-3685934
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
5775 Morehouse Dr., San Diego, California
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
92121-1714
(Zip Code)
(858) 587-1121
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer  x
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o  No  x






Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the close of business on January 28, 2013 , was as follows:
Class
 
Number of Shares
Common Stock, $0.0001 per share par value
 
1,718,129,898
 
 
 
 
 



1



INDEX
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

QUALCOMM Incorporated
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
December 30,
2012
 
September 30,
2012
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
4,293

 
$
3,807

Marketable securities
8,982

 
8,567

Accounts receivable, net
1,647

 
1,459

Inventories
1,277

 
1,030

Deferred tax assets
309

 
309

Other current assets
595

 
473

Total current assets
17,103

 
15,645

Marketable securities
15,096

 
14,463

Deferred tax assets
1,327

 
1,412

Assets held for sale
1,037

 
1,109

Property, plant and equipment, net
2,874

 
2,851

Goodwill
3,929

 
3,917

Other intangible assets, net
2,826

 
2,938

Other assets
649

 
677

Total assets
$
44,841

 
$
43,012

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Trade accounts payable
$
1,657

 
$
1,298

Payroll and other benefits related liabilities
618

 
664

Unearned revenues
733

 
545

Liabilities held for sale
524

 
1,072

Other current liabilities
1,473

 
1,723

Total current liabilities
5,005

 
5,302

Unearned revenues
3,516

 
3,739

Liabilities held for sale

526

 

Other liabilities
440

 
426

Total liabilities
9,487

 
9,467

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)

 

 
 
 
 
Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Qualcomm stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 8 shares authorized; none outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 6,000 shares authorized; 1,716 and 1,706 shares issued
 
 
 
and outstanding, respectively

 

Paid-in capital
12,282

 
11,956

Retained earnings
22,172

 
20,701

Accumulated other comprehensive income
880

 
866

Total Qualcomm stockholders' equity
35,334

 
33,523

Noncontrolling interests
20

 
22

Total stockholders' equity
35,354

 
33,545

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
44,841

 
$
43,012


See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


3


QUALCOMM Incorporated
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
 
December 30,
2012
 
December 25,
2011
Revenues:
 
 
 
Equipment and services
$
4,199

 
$
3,167

Licensing
1,819

 
1,514

Total revenues
6,018

 
4,681

 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Cost of equipment and services revenues
2,237

 
1,754

Research and development
1,106

 
873

Selling, general and administrative
587

 
503

Total operating expenses
3,930

 
3,130

 
 
 
 
Operating income
2,088

 
1,551

 
 
 
 
Investment income, net (Note 3)
239

 
170

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
2,327

 
1,721

Income tax expense
(424
)
 
(321
)
Income from continuing operations
1,903

 
1,400

Discontinued operations, net of income taxes

 
(5
)
Net income
1,903

 
1,395

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
3

 
6

Net income attributable to Qualcomm
$
1,906

 
$
1,401

 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share attributable to Qualcomm:
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
1.12

 
$
0.83

Discontinued operations

 

Net income
$
1.12

 
$
0.83

Diluted earnings per share attributable to Qualcomm:
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
1.09

 
$
0.81

Discontinued operations

 

Net income
$
1.09

 
$
0.81

Shares used in per share calculations:
 
 
 
Basic
1,709

 
1,684

Diluted
1,751

 
1,721

 
 
 
 
Dividends per share announced
$
0.250

 
$
0.215




See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


4


QUALCOMM Incorporated
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
 
December 30,
2012
 
December 25,
2011
Net income
$
1,903

 
$
1,395

Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes:
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation
2

 
(27
)
Noncredit other-than-temporary impairment losses and subsequent changes in fair value related to certain available-for-sale debt securities
(10
)
 
1

Net unrealized gains on other available-for-sale securities and derivative instruments
50

 
175

Reclassification of net realized gains on available-for-sale securities and derivative instruments included in net income
(38
)
 
(18
)
Reclassification of other-than-temporary losses on available-for-sale securities included in net income
9

 
9

Total other comprehensive income
13

 
140

Total comprehensive income
1,916

 
1,535

Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
4

 
8

Comprehensive income attributable to Qualcomm
$
1,920

 
$
1,543


See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


5


QUALCOMM Incorporated
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 30,
2012
 
December 25,
2011
Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
1,903

 
$
1,395

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
241

 
208

Revenues related to non-monetary exchanges
(31
)
 
(31
)
Income tax provision in excess of income tax payments
195

 
118

Non-cash portion of share-based compensation expense
283

 
247

Incremental tax benefits from share-based compensation
(61
)
 
(23
)
Net realized gains on marketable securities and other investments
(96
)
 
(44
)
Losses (gains) on derivative instruments
1

 
(45
)
Net impairment losses on marketable securities and other investments
10

 
20

Other items, net
28

 
6

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
(185
)
 
(38
)
Inventories
(247
)
 
50

Other assets
(51
)
 
(24
)
Trade accounts payable
376

 
26

Payroll, benefits and other liabilities
(387
)
 
(43
)
Unearned revenues
(4
)
 
(43
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
1,975

 
1,779

Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(205
)
 
(359
)
Purchases of available-for-sale securities
(3,289
)
 
(2,027
)
Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities
2,226

 
1,603

Purchases of trading securities
(970
)
 
(1,137
)
Proceeds from sales of trading securities
1,024

 
148

Acquisitions and other investments, net of cash acquired
(39
)
 
(300
)
Other items, net
26

 
4

Net cash used by investing activities
(1,227
)
 
(2,068
)
Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
340

 
228

Incremental tax benefits from share-based compensation
61

 
23

Repurchases and retirements of common stock
(250
)
 
(99
)
Dividends paid
(428
)
 
(362
)
Change in obligation under securities lending
3

 
20

Other items, net
(1
)
 
(1
)
Net cash used by financing activities
(275
)
 
(191
)
Changes in cash and cash equivalents held for sale
13

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 
(18
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
486

 
(498
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
3,807

 
5,462

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
4,293

 
$
4,964


See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


6



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Note 1 - Basis of Presentation
Financial Statement Preparation. These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by QUALCOMM Incorporated (collectively with its subsidiaries, the Company or Qualcomm) in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) for interim financial information and the instructions to Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the interim data includes all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. These condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and should be read in conjunction with the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2012 . Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of operating results for an entire fiscal year. The Company operates and reports using a 52-53 week fiscal year ending on the last Sunday in September. The three-month periods ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 both included 13 weeks .
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and the disclosure of contingent amounts in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Earnings Per Common Share. Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing net income attributable to Qualcomm by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted earnings per common share is computed by dividing net income attributable to Qualcomm by the combination of dilutive common share equivalents, comprised of shares issuable under the Company's share-based compensation plans and shares subject to written put options, and the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period. Dilutive common share equivalents include the dilutive effect of in-the-money share equivalents, which is calculated based on the average share price for each period using the treasury stock method. Under the treasury stock method, the exercise price of an award, if any, the amount of compensation cost, if any, for future service that the Company has not yet recognized, and the estimated tax benefits that would be recorded in paid-in capital, if any, when an award is settled are assumed to be used to repurchase shares in the current period. The incremental dilutive common share equivalents, calculated using the treasury stock method, for the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 were 41,463,000 and 37,052,000 , respectively.
Employee stock options to purchase approximately 646,000 and 4,471,000 shares of common stock during the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 , respectively, were outstanding but not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per common share because the effect would be anti-dilutive. Put options outstanding during the  three months ended   December 25, 2011  to purchase 11,800,000 shares of common stock were not included in the earnings per common share computation because the put options' exercise prices were less than the average market price of the common stock while they were outstanding, and therefore, the effect on diluted earnings per common share would be anti-dilutive. No put options were outstanding during the three months ended December 30, 2012 . In addition, shares of other common stock equivalents outstanding that were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share because the effect would be anti-dilutive were negligible during the three months ended December 30, 2012 and 675,000 during the three months ended December 25, 2011 .
Share-Based Compensation. Total estimated share-based compensation expense, related to all of the Company's share-based awards, was comprised as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 30,
2012
 
December 25,
2011
Cost of equipment and services revenues
$
20

 
$
20

Research and development
157

 
126

Selling, general and administrative
105

 
101

Share-based compensation expense before income taxes
282

 
247

Related income tax benefit
(62
)
 
(53
)
Share-based compensation expense, net of income taxes
$
220

 
$
194



7



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

The Company recorded $29 million and $33 million in share-based compensation expense during the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 , respectively, related to share-based awards granted during those periods.
At December 30, 2012 , total unrecognized compensation costs related to non-vested stock options and restricted stock units granted prior to that date were $206 million and $1.4 billion , respectively, which are expected to be recognized over weighted-average periods of 1.1 and 1.9 years, respectively. During the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 , net share-based awards granted, after forfeitures and cancellations, represented 0.4% and 0.5% , respectively, of outstanding shares as of the beginning of each fiscal period, and total share-based awards granted represented 0.4% and 0.5% , respectively, of outstanding shares as of the end of each fiscal period.

Note 2 — Composition of Certain Financial Statement Items
Accounts Receivable (in millions)
December 30,
2012
 
September 30,
2012
Trade, net of allowances for doubtful accounts of $1  and $1, respectively
$
1,607

 
$
1,418

Long-term contracts
32

 
32

Other
8

 
9

 
$
1,647

 
$
1,459

Inventories (in millions)
December 30,
2012
 
September 30,
2012
Raw materials
$
18

 
$
19

Work-in-process
607

 
531

Finished goods
652

 
480

 
$
1,277

 
$
1,030

 
Other Current Liabilities (in millions)
December 30,
2012
 
September 30,
2012
Customer incentives and other customer-related liabilities
$
970

 
$
1,107

Other
503

 
616

 
$
1,473

 
$
1,723


Note 3 — Investment Income, Net (in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 30,
2012
 
December 25,
2011
Interest and dividend income
$
165

 
$
130

Interest expense
(8
)
 
(27
)
Net realized gains on marketable securities
94

 
37

Net realized gains on other investments
2

 
7

Impairment losses on marketable securities
(5
)
 
(14
)
Impairment losses on other investments
(5
)
 
(6
)
(Losses) gains on derivative instruments
(1
)
 
45

Equity in losses of investees
(3
)
 
(2
)
 
$
239

 
$
170




8



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Note 4 — Income Taxes
Based on the tax law that was in effect at the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2013, the Company estimated its annual effective income tax rate to be approximately 19% for fiscal 2013 , which is consistent with the 19% effective income tax rate for fiscal 2012 . The annual effective tax rate for fiscal 2013 consisted of increased tax benefits from higher earnings taxed at rates that are less than the United States federal tax rate, offset by a lower federal research and development tax credit as compared to fiscal 2012. The annual effective tax rate for fiscal 2012 reflected the United States federal research and development credit generated through December 31, 2011, the date on which the credit expired. Tax benefits from foreign earnings taxed at rates that are less than the United States federal tax rate are expected to be approximately 17% of earnings before taxes for fiscal 2013 as compared to 15% in fiscal 2012 .
The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, which reinstated the United States federal research and development tax credit retroactively from January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2013, was not enacted into law until the second quarter of fiscal 2013. Therefore, the expected tax benefit resulting from such reinstatement for fiscal 2013 will not be reflected in the Company's estimated annual effective tax rate for fiscal 2013 until the second fiscal quarter. Additionally, the Company expects to record a discrete tax benefit in the second quarter of fiscal 2013 related to the reinstatement of the federal research and development tax credit for fiscal 2012. After consideration of both of these items, the Company estimates its annual effective income tax rate for fiscal 2013 will be approximately 16% .

Note 5 — Stockholders' Equity
Changes in stockholders' equity for the three months ended December 30, 2012 were as follows (in millions):
 
Qualcomm Stockholders' Equity
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance at September 30, 2012
$
33,523

 
$
22

 
$
33,545

Net income (loss)
1,906

 
(3
)
 
1,903

Other comprehensive income (loss)
14

 
(1
)
 
13

Common stock issued under employee benefit plans and the related tax benefits, net of shares withheld for tax
296

 

 
296

Share-based compensation
283

 

 
283

Dividends
(435
)
 

 
(435
)
Stock repurchases
(250
)
 

 
(250
)
Other
(3
)
 
2

 
(1
)
Balance at December 30, 2012
$
35,334

 
$
20

 
$
35,354

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. Components of accumulated other comprehensive income in Qualcomm stockholders' equity consisted of the following (in millions):
 
December 30,
2012
 
September 30,
2012
Noncredit other-than-temporary impairment losses and subsequent changes in fair value related to certain available-for-sale debt securities, net of income taxes
$
26

 
$
29

Net unrealized gains on other available-for-sale securities, net of income taxes
943

 
942

Net unrealized gains on derivative instruments, net of income taxes
15

 
2

Foreign currency translation
(104
)
 
(107
)
 
$
880

 
$
866

At December 30, 2012 and September 30, 2012 , accumulated other comprehensive income included $4 million and $7 million , respectively, of other-than-temporary losses on certain available-for-sale debt securities related to factors other than credit, net of income taxes.
Stock Repurchase Program. During the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 , the Company repurchased and retired 4,295,000 and 2,046,000 shares of the Company’s common stock for $250 million and


9



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

$99 million , respectively, before commissions. At December 30, 2012 , approximately $2.5 billion remained available for repurchase under the Company's stock repurchase program. The stock repurchase program has no expiration date.
Dividends. Cash dividends announced in the three months ended  December 30, 2012  and  December 25, 2011 were  $0.25  and  $0.215  per share, respectively. During the three months ended  December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 , dividends charged to retained earnings were  $435 million  and  $368 million , respectively. On January 15, 2013 , the Company announced a cash dividend of $0.25 per share on the Company's common stock, payable on March 27, 2013 to stockholders of record as of March 8, 2013 .

Note 6 — Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Proceedings. Tessera, Inc. v. QUALCOMM Incorporated : On April 17, 2007, Tessera filed a patent infringement lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas and a complaint with the United States International Trade Commission (ITC) pursuant to Section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 against the Company and other companies, alleging infringement of two patents. The district court action was stayed pending resolution of the ITC proceeding, including all appeals. On May 20, 2009, the ITC issued a limited exclusion order and a cease and desist order, both of which were terminated when the patents expired on September 24, 2010. During the period of the exclusion order, the Company shifted supply of accused chips for customers who manufacture products that may be imported to the United States to a licensed supplier of Tessera, and the Company continued to supply those customers without interruption. The appeals court affirmed the ITC’s orders, and on November 28, 2011, the United States Supreme Court denied the Company's petition for review. On January 18, 2012, pursuant to the parties' stipulation, the District Court in the Eastern District of Texas lifted the stay and ordered that the case be moved to the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. On March 1, 2012, that court consolidated the case with an earlier-filed lawsuit filed by Tessera against multiple parties, including some of the Company's semiconductor chip package suppliers. Trial is scheduled for April 7, 2014. Tessera may continue to seek alleged past damages in the district court, but it cannot obtain injunctive relief due to the expiration of the patents.
MicroUnity Systems Engineering, Inc. v. QUALCOMM Incorporated, et al. : MicroUnity filed a total of three patent infringement complaints, on March 16, 2010, June 3, 2010 and January 27, 2011, against the Company and a number of other technology companies, including Texas Instruments, Samsung, Apple, Nokia, Google and HTC, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. MicroUnity currently alleges that certain of the Company's Snapdragon products infringe 10 of its patents and seeks unspecified damages and injunctive and other relief. The court consolidated the actions in May 2011. Trial is scheduled for June 3, 2013.
MOSAID Technologies Incorporated v. Dell, Inc. et al. : On March 16, 2011, MOSAID filed a complaint against Atheros Communications, Inc., which the Company acquired in May 2011 and renamed Qualcomm Atheros, Inc. (Qualcomm Atheros), and 32 other entities in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas alleging that certain of Atheros' WiFi products infringe six MOSAID patents. MOSAID seeks unspecified damages and injunctive and other relief. The case is in the discovery phase. On March 28, 2012, Qualcomm Atheros and the other defendants filed a motion to transfer the case to the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. A decision on that motion is pending. A claim construction hearing is scheduled for April 16, 2013, and trial is scheduled for January 8, 2014.
ParkerVision, Inc. v. QUALCOMM Incorporated : On July 20, 2011, ParkerVision filed a complaint against the Company in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida alleging that certain of our products infringe seven of its patents alleged to cover direct-conversion (or Zero-IF/ZIF) receivers. The complaint seeks unspecified damages and injunctive and other relief. On February 28, 2012, ParkerVision filed an amended complaint dropping two patents from the case and adding one new patent. The Company has a motion pending challenging the sufficiency of certain aspects of ParkerVision's complaint. A claim construction hearing was held on August 10, 2012, but the court has not yet issued a claim construction order. Trial is scheduled for October 7, 2013.
Icera Complaint to the European Commission : On June 7, 2010, the European Commission (the Commission) notified and provided the Company with a redacted copy of a complaint filed with the Commission by Icera, Inc. alleging that the Company has engaged in anticompetitive activity. The Company was asked by the Commission to submit a preliminary response to the portions of the complaint disclosed to it, and the Company submitted its response in July 2010. On October 19, 2011, the Commission notified the Company that it should provide to the Commission additional documents and information. On January 16, 2012, the Company provided additional documents and


10



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

information in response to that request. The Company continues to cooperate fully with the Commission's preliminary investigation.
Korea Fair Trade Commission (KFTC) Complaint : On January 4, 2010, the KFTC issued a written decision finding that the Company had violated South Korean law by offering certain discounts and rebates for purchases of its CDMA chips and for including in certain agreements language requiring the continued payment of royalties after all licensed patents have expired. The KFTC levied a fine, which the Company paid in the second quarter of fiscal 2010. The Company is appealing that decision in the Korean courts.
Japan Fair Trade Commission (JFTC) Complaint : The JFTC received unspecified complaints alleging that the Company's business practices are, in some way, a violation of Japanese law. On September 29, 2009, the JFTC issued a cease and desist order concluding that the Company's Japanese licensees were forced to cross-license patents to the Company on a royalty-free basis and were forced to accept a provision under which they agreed not to assert their essential patents against the Company's other licensees who made a similar commitment in their license agreements with the Company. The cease and desist order seeks to require the Company to modify its existing license agreements with Japanese companies to eliminate these provisions while preserving the license of the Company's patents to those companies. The Company disagrees with the conclusions that it forced its Japanese licensees to agree to any provision in the parties' agreements and that those provisions violate the Japanese Antimonopoly Act. The Company has invoked its right under Japanese law to an administrative hearing before the JFTC. In February 2010, the Tokyo High Court granted the Company's motion and issued a stay of the cease and desist order pending the administrative hearing before the JFTC. The JFTC has held hearings on 16 different dates, with another hearing scheduled for February 28, 2013 and additional hearing dates yet to be scheduled.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Formal Order of Private Investigation and Department of Justice (DOJ) Investigation : On September 8, 2010, the Company was notified by the SEC's Los Angeles Regional office of a formal order of private investigation. The Company understands that the investigation arose from a “whistleblower's” allegations made in December 2009 to the audit committee of the Company's Board of Directors and to the SEC. In 2010, the audit committee completed an internal review of the allegations with the assistance of independent counsel and independent forensic accountants. This internal review into the whistleblower's allegations and related accounting practices did not identify any errors in the Company's financial statements. On January 27, 2012, the Company learned that the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of California/DOJ (DOJ) had begun a preliminary investigation regarding the Company's compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). The Company believes that FCPA compliance had also become a focus of the SEC investigation. The audit committee has commenced an internal review into the Company's compliance with the FCPA with the assistance of independent counsel and independent forensic accountants.
The Company has discovered, and as a part of its ongoing cooperation with these investigations has informed the SEC and the DOJ of, instances in which special hiring consideration, gifts or other benefits (collectively, benefits) were provided to several individuals associated with Chinese state-owned companies or agencies. Based on the facts currently known, the Company believes the aggregate monetary value of the benefits in question to be less than $250,000, excluding employment compensation. The Company is continuing to investigate the circumstances relating to providing these benefits and is attempting to identify whether any other benefits were provided.
The Company is continuing to cooperate with the SEC and the DOJ, but is unable to predict the outcome of their investigations.
The Company will continue to vigorously defend itself in the foregoing actions. However, litigation and investigations are inherently uncertain. Accordingly, the Company cannot predict the outcome of these matters. The Company has not recorded any accrual at December 30, 2012 for contingent losses associated with these matters based on its belief that losses, while possible, are not probable. Further, any possible range of loss cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. Nonetheless, the unfavorable resolution of one or more of these matters could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. The Company is engaged in numerous other legal actions not described above arising in the ordinary course of its business and, while there can be no assurance, believes that the ultimate outcome of these actions will not have a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Loans and Debentures. The Company's subsidiaries in India that were established to operate a wireless network on Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) spectrum (the BWA subsidiaries) have loan and debenture liabilities in


11



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

connection with the BWA spectrum won in India in June 2010 and payment of  $81 million  to the India Government's Department of Telecommunications in March 2012 . At December 30, 2012 and September 30, 2012 , the aggregate carrying value of the loans and debentures, including accrued interest on the debentures, of  $1.0 billion and  $1.1 billion , respectively, were classified as held for sale as a result of the Company's agreement with Bharti Airtel Limited (Bharti), which provides that Bharti's ownership interests in the BWA subsidiaries will increase over time to 100% if certain conditions are met. At  December 30, 2012  and  September 30, 2012 , the loan and debenture liabilities approximated fair value (a Level 2 measurement).
The BWA subsidiaries' loan agreements with multiple lenders are denominated in Indian rupees. In November 2012, the Company and the lenders amended the loan agreements to extend the maturity dates. The majority of the loans ( $451 million   at   December 30, 2012 ) are due and payable on May 31, 2014 and bear interest at an annual rate based on the highest rate among the bank lenders, which is reset quarterly, plus   0.25%   ( 10.00%   at   December 30, 2012 ) with interest payments due monthly. The remaining loan ( $75 million   at   December 30, 2012 ) is due and payable on December 1, 2014 and bears interest at an annual rate based on the highest rate of the bank that is party to the loan or of the other bank lenders, which is reset quarterly, plus   0.25%   ( 10.25%   at   December 30, 2012 ) with interest payments due monthly. All of the loans can be prepaid without penalty on certain dates and are guaranteed by QUALCOMM Incorporated and one of its wholly-owned subsidiaries. The loan agreements contain standard covenants, which, among other things, limit actions by the subsidiaries that are party to the loan agreements, including the incurrence of loans and equity investments, disposition of assets, mergers and consolidations and other matters customarily restricted in such agreements. The loan agreements also define certain events of default, including, among other things, if certain government authorizations are revoked, terminated, withdrawn, suspended, modified or withheld.
On  May 29, 2012 , the same BWA subsidiaries issued redeemable, unlisted, unsecured, non-convertible debentures (the debentures) to multiple purchasers, the proceeds of which were used primarily to prepay a portion of the loans described in the previous paragraph. The debentures are denominated in Indian rupees and bear interest at an agreed-upon annual rate, which is compounded annually and reset semi-annually beginning on June 25, 2013 ( 10.25%  at December 30, 2012 ) with interest due upon redemption. All of the debentures ( $513 million , including accrued interest, at  December 30, 2012 ) are due and payable in full on  June 25, 2017 . The debentures can be redeemed by the Company without penalty on certain dates. Additionally, each holder has the right to demand redemption of its portion of the debentures outstanding on  June 25, 2013  subject to sufficient prior written notice. The holders are indemnified by QUALCOMM Incorporated and one of its wholly-owned subsidiaries.
Indemnifications. With the exception of the practices of its Qualcomm Atheros subsidiary, the Company generally does not indemnify its customers and licensees for losses sustained from infringement of third-party intellectual property rights. However, the Company is contingently liable under certain product sales, services, license and other agreements to indemnify certain customers against certain types of liability and/or damages arising from qualifying claims of patent infringement by products or services sold or provided by the Company. The Company's obligations under these agreements may be limited in terms of time and/or amount, and in some instances, the Company may have recourse against third parties for certain payments made by the Company. Under Qualcomm Atheros' indemnification agreements, software license agreements and product sale agreements (including its standard software license agreements and standard terms and conditions of semiconductor sales), Qualcomm Atheros agrees, subject to restrictions and after certain conditions are met, to indemnify and defend its licensees and customers against third-party claims asserting infringement of certain intellectual property rights, which may include patents, copyrights, trademarks or trade secrets, and to pay any judgments entered on such claims against the licensees or customers. Through December 30, 2012 , Qualcomm Atheros has received a number of claims from its direct and indirect customers and other third parties for indemnification under such agreements with respect to alleged infringement of third-party intellectual property rights by its products.
These indemnification arrangements are not initially measured and recognized at fair value because they are deemed to be similar to product warranties in that they relate to claims and/or other actions that could impair the ability of the Company's direct or indirect customers to use the Company's products or services. Accordingly, the Company records liabilities resulting from the arrangements when they are probable and can be reasonably estimated. Reimbursements under indemnification arrangements have not been material to the Company's consolidated financial statements. The Company has not recorded any accrual for contingent liabilities at December 30, 2012 associated with these indemnification arrangements, other than insignificant amounts, based on the Company's belief that additional


12



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

liabilities, while possible, are not probable. Further, any possible range of loss cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.
Purchase Obligations. The Company has agreements with suppliers and other parties to purchase inventory, other goods and services and long-lived assets. Noncancelable obligations under these agreements at December 30, 2012 for the remainder of fiscal 2013 and for each of the subsequent four years from fiscal 2014 through 2017 were approximately $3.7 billion , $445 million , $127 million , $33 million and $5 million , respectively, and $10 million thereafter. Of these amounts, for the remainder of fiscal 2013 through fiscal 2015, commitments to purchase integrated circuit product inventories comprised $3.3 billion , $346 million and $79 million , respectively.
Leases. The future minimum lease payments for all capital leases and operating leases at December 30, 2012 were as follows (in millions):
 
Capital
Leases
 
Operating
Leases
 
Total
Remainder of fiscal 2013
$
2

 
$
86

 
$
88

2014
3

 
157

 
160

2015
2

 
100

 
102

2016
3

 
48

 
51

2017
3

 
37

 
40

Thereafter
55

 
81

 
136

Total minimum lease payments
$
68

 
$
509

 
$
577

Deduct: Amounts representing interest
36

 
 
 
 
Present value of minimum lease payments
32

 
 
 
 
Deduct: Current portion of capital lease obligations
1

 
 
 
 
Long-term portion of capital lease obligations
$
31

 
 
 
 
The Company leases certain of its land, facilities and equipment under noncancelable operating leases, with terms ranging from less than one year to 28 years and with provisions in certain leases for cost-of-living increases. The Company leases certain property under capital lease agreements primarily related to site leases that have an initial term of five to seven years with renewal options of up to five additional renewal periods. Capital lease obligations are included in other liabilities.

Note 7 — Segment Information
The Company is organized on the basis of products and services. The Company aggregates four of its divisions into the QWI segment and two of its divisions into the QSI segment. Reportable segments are as follows:
QCT segment — develops and supplies integrated circuits and system software based on CDMA, OFDMA and other technologies for use in voice and data communications, networking, application processing, multimedia and global positioning system products.
QTL segment — grants licenses or otherwise provides rights to use portions of the Company's intellectual property portfolio, which, among other rights, includes certain patent rights essential to and/or useful in the manufacture and sale of certain wireless products, including, without limitation, products implementing CDMA2000, WCDMA, CDMA TDD (including TD-SCDMA), GSM/GPRS/EDGE and/or OFDMA standards and their derivatives, and QTL collects license fees as well as royalties based on sales by licensees of products incorporating or using the Company's intellectual property.
QWI segment — comprised of:
QES division — provides fleet management, satellite- and terrestrial-based two-way wireless information and position reporting and other services, software and hardware to transportation and logistics companies;


13



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

QIS division — provides content enablement services for the wireless industry and push-to-talk and other software products and services for wireless network operators;
QGOV division — provides development and other services and related products involving wireless communications technologies to government agencies and their contractors; and
Firethorn division — builds and manages software applications that enable certain mobile commerce services.
QSI segment — comprised of the Company's Qualcomm Ventures and Structured Finance & Strategic Investments divisions. QSI makes strategic investments that the Company believes will open new opportunities for its technologies, support the design and introduction of new products or services for voice and data communications or possess unique capabilities or technology. Many of these strategic investments are in early-stage companies. QSI also holds wireless spectrum. QSI's FLO TV division was presented as discontinued operations in fiscal 2012.
The Company evaluates the performance of its segments based on earnings (loss) before income taxes (EBT) from continuing operations. Segment EBT includes the allocation of certain corporate expenses to the segments, including depreciation and amortization expense related to unallocated corporate assets. Certain income and charges are not allocated to segments in the Company's management reports because they are not considered in evaluating the segments' operating performance. Unallocated income and charges include certain net investment income; share-based compensation; and certain research and development expenses and other selling and marketing expenses that were deemed to be not directly related to the businesses of the segments. Additionally, unallocated charges include recognition of the step-up of inventories to fair value, amortization and impairment of certain intangible assets and certain other acquisition-related charges. The table below presents revenues and EBT for reportable segments (in millions):
 
QCT
 
QTL
 
QWI
 
QSI
 
Reconciling
Items
 
Total
For the three months ended:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 30, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
4,120

 
$
1,757

 
$
146

 
$

 
$
(5
)
 
$
6,018

EBT
1,068

 
1,532

 
(3
)
 
(17
)
 
(253
)
 
2,327

December 25, 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
3,085

 
$
1,440

 
$
152

 
$

 
$
4

 
$
4,681

EBT
739

 
1,267

 
1

 
(34
)
 
(252
)
 
1,721

Reconciling items in the previous table were as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 30,
2012
 
December 25,
2011
Revenues
 
 
 
Nonreportable segments
$
(4
)
 
$
5

Intersegment eliminations
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
$
(5
)
 
$
4

EBT
 
 
 
Unallocated cost of equipment and services revenues
$
(83
)
 
$
(70
)
Unallocated research and development expenses
(186
)
 
(162
)
Unallocated selling, general and administrative expenses
(111
)
 
(115
)
Unallocated investment income, net
248

 
190

Nonreportable segments
(121
)
 
(95
)
 
$
(253
)
 
$
(252
)


14



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

QCT revenues included intersegment revenues of $1 million for each of the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 . All other revenues for reportable segments were from external customers for all periods presented.
Reconciling items for the three months ended December 30, 2012 included $63 million and $7 million of unallocated cost of equipment and services revenues and unallocated selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively, related to the amortization and impairment of certain intangible assets, contract termination and the recognition of the step-up of inventories to fair value resulting from acquisitions. Reconciling items for the three months ended December 25, 2011 included $51 million and $9 million of unallocated cost of equipment and services revenues and unallocated selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively, related to the amortization of certain intangible assets resulting from acquisitions. Nonreportable segments' losses before taxes during the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 were primarily attributable to the Company's QMT division.
Segment assets are comprised of accounts receivable and inventories for all reportable segments other than QSI. QSI segment assets include marketable securities, notes receivable, wireless spectrum, other investments and all assets of consolidated subsidiaries included in QSI. Reconciling items for total consolidated assets included $1.1 billion and $1.2 billion at December 30, 2012 and September 30, 2012 , respectively, of property, plant and equipment, goodwill and other assets related to the Company's QMT division. Total segment assets also differ from total assets on a consolidated basis as a result of unallocated corporate assets primarily comprised of certain cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities, property, plant and equipment, deferred tax assets, goodwill, other intangible assets and assets of nonreportable segments. Segment assets and reconciling items were as follows (in millions):
 
December 30,
2012
 
September 30,
2012
QCT
$
2,711

 
$
2,278

QTL
74

 
63

QWI
128

 
129

QSI
1,475

 
1,424

Reconciling items
40,453

 
39,118

Total consolidated assets
$
44,841

 
$
43,012


Note 8 — Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. Applicable accounting guidance provides an established hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company's assumptions about the factors that market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1 includes financial instruments for which quoted market prices for identical instruments are available in active markets.
Level 2 includes financial instruments for which there are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the instrument.
Level 3 includes financial instruments for which fair value is derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs are unobservable, including the Company's own assumptions.
Assets and liabilities are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. The Company reviews the fair value hierarchy classification on a quarterly basis. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification of levels for certain securities within the fair value hierarchy.


15



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

The following table presents the Company's fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 30, 2012 (in millions):
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents (1)
$
1,189

 
$
2,413

 
$

 
$
3,602

Marketable securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury securities and government-related securities
769

 
567

 

 
1,336

Corporate bonds and notes

 
13,049

 

 
13,049

Mortgage- and asset-backed securities

 
1,335

 
242

 
1,577

Auction rate securities

 

 
85

 
85

Common and preferred stock
1,297

 
932

 

 
2,229

Equity funds
987

 

 

 
987

Debt funds
2,313

 
2,502

 

 
4,815

Total marketable securities
5,366

 
18,385

 
327

 
24,078

Derivative instruments

 
38

 

 
38

Other investments
211

 

 

 
211

Total assets measured at fair value
$
6,766

 
$
20,836

 
$
327

 
$
27,929

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative instruments
$

 
$
5

 
$

 
$
5

Other liabilities
211

 

 

 
211

Total liabilities measured at fair value
$
211

 
$
5

 
$

 
$
216

(1) Includes cash equivalents of $42 million that were classified as held for sale at December 30, 2012 .
Cash Equivalents, Time Deposits and Marketable Securities. The Company considers all highly liquid investments, including repurchase agreements, with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents are comprised of money market funds, certificates of deposit, commercial paper, government agencies' securities and repurchase agreements fully collateralized by government agencies' securities.
With the exception of auction rate securities, the Company obtains pricing information from quoted market prices, pricing vendors or quotes from brokers/dealers. The Company conducts reviews of its primary pricing vendors to determine whether the inputs used in the vendor’s pricing processes are deemed to be observable.
The fair value of U.S. Treasury securities and government-related securities, corporate bonds and notes and common and preferred stock is generally determined using standard observable inputs, including reported trades, quoted market prices, matrix pricing, benchmark yields, broker/dealer quotes, issuer spreads, two-sided markets and/or benchmark securities.
The fair value of debt and equity funds is reported at published net asset values. The Company assesses the daily frequency and size of transactions at published net asset values and/or the funds' underlying holdings to determine whether fair value is based on observable or unobservable inputs.
The fair value of highly rated mortgage- and asset-backed securities is derived from the use of matrix pricing (prices for similar securities) or, in some cases, cash flow pricing models with observable inputs such as contractual terms, maturity, credit rating and/or securitization structure to determine the timing and amount of future cash flows. Certain mortgage- and asset-backed securities, principally those rated below AAA, may require the use of significant unobservable inputs to estimate fair value, such as default likelihood, recovery rates and prepayment speed.
The fair value of auction rate securities is estimated by the Company using a discounted cash flow model that incorporates transaction details such as contractual terms, maturity and timing and amount of future cash flows, as well as assumptions related to liquidity, default likelihood and recovery, the future state of the auction rate market and credit valuation adjustments of market participants. Though certain of the securities held by the Company are pools of student loans guaranteed by the U.S. government, prepayment speeds and illiquidity discounts are considered significant


16



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

unobservable inputs. These additional inputs are generally unobservable, and therefore, auction rate securities are included in Level 3.
Derivative Instruments. Derivative instruments include foreign currency option and forward contracts to manage foreign exchange risk for certain foreign currency transactions and certain balances denominated in a foreign currency; option, forward and swap contracts to acquire or reduce foreign exchange risk and/or equity, prepayment and credit risks for portfolios of marketable securities classified as trading; and warrants to purchase common stock of other companies at fixed prices. Derivative instruments that are traded on an exchange are valued using quoted market prices and are included in Level 1. Derivative instruments that are not traded on an exchange are valued using conventional calculations/models that are primarily based on observable inputs, such as foreign currency exchange rates, the Company's stock price, volatilities and interest rates, and therefore, such derivative instruments are included in Level 2.
Other Investments and Other Liabilities. Other investments and other liabilities included in Level 1 are comprised of the Company's deferred compensation plan liability and related assets, which consist of mutual funds classified as trading securities and included in other noncurrent assets. Other liabilities included in Level 3 in fiscal 2012 were comprised of put rights held by third parties representing interests in certain of the Company's subsidiaries. These put rights were terminated during the third quarter of fiscal 2012 and were previously valued with a conventional option pricing model using significant unobservable inputs.
Activity between Levels of the Fair Value Hierarchy. There were no significant transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 during the three months ended December 30, 2012 or December 25, 2011 . When a determination is made to classify an asset or liability within Level 3, the determination is based upon the significance of the unobservable inputs to the overall fair value measurement. The following table includes the activity for marketable securities and other liabilities classified within Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended December 30, 2012
 
Three Months Ended
December 25, 2011
 
Auction Rate
Securities
 
Other Marketable
Securities
 
Auction Rate
Securities
 
Other Marketable
Securities
 
Other Liabilities
Beginning balance of Level 3
$
118

 
$
203

 
$
124

 
$
27

 
$
7

Total realized and unrealized gains or losses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Included in investment income, net

 
2

 

 

 
(1
)
Included in other comprehensive income
1

 
2

 
(1
)
 

 

Purchases

 
41

 

 
35

 

Sales

 
(1
)
 

 

 

Settlements
(34
)
 
(19
)
 
(1
)
 
(5
)
 

Transfers into Level 3

 
14

 

 

 

Ending balance of Level 3
$
85

 
$
242

 
$
122

 
$
57

 
$
6

The Company recognizes transfers into and out of levels within the fair value hierarchy at the end of the fiscal month in which the actual event or change in circumstances that caused the transfer occurs. Transfers into Level 3 during the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 primarily consisted of debt securities with significant inputs that became unobservable as a result of an increased likelihood of a shortfall in contractual cash flows or a significant downgrade in credit ratings.
Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements. The Company measures certain assets at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. These assets include cost and equity method investments when they are deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired, assets acquired and liabilities assumed in an acquisition or in a nonmonetary exchange, and property, plant and equipment and intangible assets that are written down to fair value when they are held for sale or determined to be impaired. During the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 , the Company did not have any significant assets or liabilities that were measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis in periods subsequent to initial recognition.

Note 9 — Marketable Securities


17



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Marketable securities were comprised as follows (in millions):
 
Current
 
Noncurrent
 
December 30,
2012
 
September 30,
2012
 
December 30,
2012
 
September 30,
2012
Trading:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury securities and government-related securities
$
181

 
$
196

 
$
124

 
$
254

Corporate bonds and notes
323

 
283

 
190

 
176

Mortgage- and asset-backed securities

 

 
117

 
120

Total trading
504

 
479

 
431

 
550

Available-for-sale:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury securities and government-related securities
406

 
362

 
625

 
592

Corporate bonds and notes
4,539

 
4,554

 
7,997

 
7,570

Mortgage- and asset-backed securities
1,169

 
1,157

 
291

 
241

Auction rate securities

 

 
85

 
118

Common and preferred stock
51

 
57

 
2,178

 
2,030

Equity funds

 

 
987

 
1,126

Debt funds
2,313

 
1,958

 
1,971

 
1,716

Total available-for-sale
8,478

 
8,088

 
14,134

 
13,393

Fair value option:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt fund

 

 
531

 
520

Total marketable securities
$
8,982

 
$
8,567

 
$
15,096

 
$
14,463

The Company holds an investment in a debt fund for which the Company elected the fair value option because the Company is able to redeem its shares at net asset value, which is determined daily. The investment would have otherwise been recorded using the equity method. The debt fund has no single maturity date. At December 30, 2012 , the Company had an effective ownership interest in the debt fund of 21% . Increases in fair value of $10 million and $5 million associated with this investment were recognized in net investment income during the three months ended December 30, 2012 and December 25, 2011 , respectively.
The Company classifies portfolios of debt securities that utilize derivative instruments to acquire or reduce foreign exchange and/or equity, prepayment and credit risk as trading. Net gains recognized on debt securities classified as trading still held at December 30, 2012 were negligible for the three months ended December 30, 2012 . Net losses recognized on debt securities classified as trading still held at December 25, 2011 were $2 million for the three months ended December 25, 2011 .
At December 30, 2012 , the contractual maturities of available-for-sale debt securities were as follows (in millions):
Years to Maturity
 
 
 
 
Less Than
One Year
 
One to
Five Years
 
Five to
Ten Years
 
Greater Than
Ten Years
 
No Single
Maturity
Date
 
Total
$
536

 
$
7,597

 
$
4,072

 
$
1,362

 
$
5,829

 
$
19,396

Debt securities with no single maturity date included debt funds, corporate bonds and notes, mortgage- and asset-backed securities and auction rate securities.
The Company recorded realized gains and losses on sales of available-for-sale securities as follows (in millions):
 
Gross Realized Gains
 
Gross Realized Losses
 
Net Realized Gains
For the three months ended
 
 
 
 
 
December 30, 2012
$
84

 
$
(5
)
 
$
79

December 25, 2011
36

 
(2
)
 
34



18



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Available-for-sale securities were comprised as follows (in millions):
 
Cost
 
Unrealized Gains
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
December 30, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity securities
$
2,619

 
$
611

 
$
(14
)
 
$
3,216

Debt securities (including debt funds)
18,824

 
594

 
(22
)
 
19,396

 
$
21,443

 
$
1,205

 
$
(36
)
 
$
22,612

September 30, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity securities
$
2,599

 
$
628

 
$
(14
)
 
$
3,213

Debt securities (including debt funds)
17,714

 
573

 
(19
)
 
18,268

 
$
20,313

 
$
1,201

 
$
(33
)
 
$
21,481

The following table shows the gross unrealized losses and fair values of the Company's investments in individual securities that are classified as available-for-sale and have been in a continuous unrealized loss position deemed to be temporary for less than 12 months and for more than 12 months, aggregated by investment category (in millions):
 
December 30, 2012
 
Less than 12 months
 
More than 12 months
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
Corporate bonds and notes
$
1,501

 
$
(11
)
 
$
165

 
$
(6
)
Mortgage- and asset-backed securities
177

 
(1
)
 
5

 

Auction rate securities

 

 
85

 
(1
)
Common and preferred stock
165

 
(9
)
 
10

 
(1
)
Equity funds
57

 
(2
)
 
37

 
(2
)
Debt funds
1,382

 
(3
)
 
4

 

 
$
3,282

 
$
(26
)
 
$
306

 
$
(10
)

 
September 30, 2012
 
Less than 12 months
 
More than 12 months
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
Corporate bonds and notes
$
723

 
$
(8
)
 
$
256

 
$
(9
)
Mortgage- and asset-backed securities
143

 
(1
)
 
7

 

Auction rate securities

 

 
115

 
(1
)
Common and preferred stock
105

 
(5
)
 
9

 

Equity funds
64

 
(4
)
 
36

 
(5
)
 
$
1,035

 
$
(18
)
 
$
423

 
$
(15
)
At December 30, 2012 , the Company concluded that the unrealized losses on its available-for-sale securities were temporary. Further, for common and preferred stock and for equity and debt funds with unrealized losses, the Company has the ability and the intent to hold such securities until they recover, which is expected to be within a reasonable period of time. For debt securities with unrealized losses, the Company does not have the intent to sell, nor is it more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell, such securities before recovery or maturity.
The following table shows the activity for the credit loss portion of other-than-temporary impairments on debt securities held by the Company (in millions):


19



QUALCOMM Incorporated
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
 
December 30,
2012
 
December 25,
2011
Beginning balance of credit losses
$
31

 
$
46

Additional credit losses recognized on securities previously impaired

 
1

Reductions in credit losses related to securities sold
(12
)
 
(1
)
Ending balance of credit losses
$
19

 
$
46




20


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
This information should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in Item 1 of Part I of this Quarterly Report and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the year ended September 30, 2012 contained in our 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
This Quarterly Report (including, but not limited to, the following section regarding Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations) contains forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements regarding our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Additionally, statements concerning future matters, such as the development of new products, enhancements or technologies, industry or regional trends, consumer demand, sales or price levels, challenges to our business model and other statements regarding matters that are not historical, are forward-looking statements. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and similar expressions or variations of such words are intended to identify forward-looking statements, but are not the exclusive means of identifying forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report.
Although forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report reflect our good faith judgment, such statements can only be based on facts and factors currently known by us. Consequently, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results and outcomes may differ materially from the results and outcomes discussed in or anticipated by the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences in results and outcomes include without limitation those discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” below, as well as those discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Readers are urged not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements in order to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this Quarterly Report. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made in this Quarterly Report, which attempt to advise interested parties of the risks and factors that may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
Overview
Recent Developments
Revenues for the first quarter of fiscal 2013 were $6.0 billion , with net income of $1.9 billion , which were impacted by the following key items:
We shipped approximately 182 million Mobile Station Modem (MSM) integrated circuits for CDMA- and OFDMA-based wireless devices, an increase of 17%, compared to 156 million MSM integrated circuits in the year ago quarter. (1)  
Total reported device sales were approximately $53.3 billion, an increase of approximately 29% compared to approximately $41.4 billion in the year ago quarter. (2)  
Against this backdrop, the following recent developments occurred during the first quarter of fiscal 2013 with respect to key elements of our business or our industry:
Worldwide wireless connections grew by approximately 1% to reach approximately 6.5 billion. (3)  
Worldwide 3G connections (all CDMA-based) grew by approximately 4% to approximately 1.9 billion, which was approximately 29% of total wireless subscriptions, including approximately 523 million CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO subscriptions and approximately 1.4 billion WCDMA/HSPA/TD-SCDMA subscriptions. (3)  
(1)
Some customers built devices that incorporated two MSM integrated circuits. In such cases, which represent approximately 1% of our gross volume, we count only one MSM integrated circuit in reporting the MSM integrated circuit shipments.
(2)
Total reported device sales is the sum of all reported sales in U.S. dollars (as reported to us by our licensees) of all licensed CDMA-based, OFDMA-based and multimode CDMA/OFDMA subscriber devices (including handsets, modules, modem cards and other subscriber devices) by our licensees during a particular period (collectively, 3G/4G devices). Not all licensees report sales the same way (e.g., some licensees report sales net of permitted deductions, such as transportation, insurance and packing costs, while other licensees report sales and then identify the amount of permitted deductions in their reports), and the way in which licensees report such information may change from time to time. Total reported device sales for a particular period may include prior period activity that was not reported by the licensee until such particular period.


21


(3)
According to Wireless Intelligence estimates as of January 28, 2013, for the quarter ended December 30, 2012. Wireless Intelligence estimates for CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO subscribers do not include Wireless Local Loop.

Our Business and Operating Segments
We design, manufacture, have manufactured on our behalf and market digital communications products and services based on CDMA, OFDMA and other technologies. We derive revenues principally from sales of integrated circuit products, fixed license fees (payable in one or more installments) and ongoing royalties for use of our intellectual property, and fees for messaging and other services and related hardware sales, software development and licensing, and related services and software hosting services. Operating expenses primarily consist of cost of equipment and services revenues and research and development and selling, general and administrative expenses.
We conduct business primarily through four reportable segments: QCT, QTL, QWI and QSI. Our reportable segments are operated by QUALCOMM Incorporated and its direct and indirect subsidiaries. At the beginning of fiscal 2013, we completed a corporate reorganization in which certain assets of QUALCOMM Incorporated, as well as the stock of certain of its direct and indirect subsidiaries, were contributed to its wholly-owned subsidiary Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. (QTI). QTL continues to be operated by QUALCOMM Incorporated, which continues to own the vast majority of our patent portfolio. Substantially all of our products and services businesses, including QCT, and substantially all of our engineering, research and development functions, are operated by QTI and its subsidiaries.  Neither QTI nor any of its subsidiaries has any right, power or authority to grant any licenses or other rights under or to any patents owned by QUALCOMM Incorporated.
QCT is a leading developer and supplier of integrated circuits and system software based on CDMA, OFDMA and other technologies for use in voice and data communications, networking, application processing, multimedia and global positioning system products. QCT's integrated circuit products and system software are sold to or licensed to manufacturers that use our products in wireless devices, particularly mobile phones, tablets, laptops, data modules, handheld wireless computers and gaming devices, access points and routers, data cards and infrastructure equipment, and in wired devices, particularly broadband gateway equipment, desktop computers, televisions and Blu-ray players. The MSM integrated circuits, which include the Mobile Data Modem, Qualcomm Single Chip and Qualcomm Snapdragon processor-based devices, perform the core baseband modem functionality in wireless devices providing voice and data communications, as well as multimedia applications and global positioning functions. In addition, our Snapdragon processors provide advanced application and graphics processing capabilities. QCT's system software enables the other device components to interface with the integrated circuit products and is the foundation software enabling manufacturers to develop devices utilizing the functionality within the integrated circuits. QCT revenues comprised 68% and 66% of total consolidated revenues in the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and 2012 , respectively.
QCT utilizes a fabless production business model, which means that we do not own or operate foundries for the production of silicon wafers from which our integrated circuits are made. Integrated circuits are die cut from silicon wafers that have been assembled into packages or modules and have completed the final test manufacturing processes. We rely on independent third-party suppliers to perform the manufacturing and assembly, and most of the testing, of our integrated circuits based primarily on our proprietary designs and test programs. Our suppliers are also responsible for the procurement of most of the raw materials used in the production of our integrated circuits. We employ both turnkey and two-stage manufacturing models to purchase our integrated circuits. Turnkey is when our foundry suppliers are responsible for delivering fully assembled and tested integrated circuits. Under the two-stage manufacturing model, we purchase wafers and die from semiconductor manufacturing foundries and contract with separate third-party manufacturers for probe, assembly and final test services.
QTL grants licenses or otherwise provides rights to use portions of our intellectual property portfolio, which, among other rights, includes certain patent rights essential to and/or useful in the manufacture and sale of certain wireless products, including, without limitation, products implementing CDMA2000, WCDMA, CDMA TDD (including TD-SCDMA), GSM/GPRS/EDGE and/or OFDMA standards and their derivatives. QTL licensing revenues are comprised of license fees as well as royalties based on sales by licensees of products incorporating or using our intellectual property. License fees are fixed amounts paid in one or more installments. Royalties are generally based upon a percentage of the wholesale (i.e., licensee's) selling price of licensed products, net of certain permissible deductions (e.g., certain shipping costs, packing costs, VAT, etc.). QTL revenues comprised 29% and 31% of total consolidated revenues in the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and 2012 , respectively. The vast majority of such revenues were generated through our licensees' sales of CDMA2000 and WCDMA subscriber equipment products.
QWI, which includes our QES, QIS, QGOV and Firethorn divisions, generates revenues primarily through sales of products, services (including software development) and software aimed at the support and delivery of wireless


22


applications. QES sells integrated wireless systems and services to transportation and logistics companies to manage their assets and workforce. QIS provides content enablement services for the wireless industry, including its Brew, Plaza and other products and services. QIS also provides QChat push-to-talk and other software products and services for wireless operators. QGOV provides development and other services and related products involving wireless communications technologies to government agencies and their contractors. Firethorn builds and manages software applications that enable mobile commerce services. QWI revenues comprised 2% and 3% of total consolidated revenues in the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and 2012 , respectively.
QSI makes strategic investments that we believe will open new opportunities for our technologies, support the design and introduction of new products and services for voice and data communications or possess unique capabilities or technology. Many of these strategic investments are in early-stage companies. QSI also holds wireless spectrum, including the broadband wireless access (BWA) spectrum held by our subsidiaries (BWA subsidiaries) that were established to operate a wireless network in India. As part of our strategic investment activities, we intend to pursue various exit strategies from each of our QSI investments at some point in the future. The assets and liabilities of the BWA subsidiaries are presented as held for sale at December 30, 2012 as a result of our agreement with Bharti Airtel Limited (Bharti), which provides that Bharti's ownership interest in the BWA subsidiaries will increase over time to 100% if certain conditions are met.
Nonreportable segments are comprised of display and other product and services initiatives, including our QMT division. QMT continues to develop an interferometric modulator (IMOD) display technology based on micro-electro-mechanical-system (MEMS) structure combined with thin film optics.
Looking Forward
The deployment of 3G networks enables increased voice capacity and higher data rates than prior generation networks, thereby supporting more minutes of use and a wide range of mobile broadband data applications for handsets, 3G connected computing devices and other consumer electronics. According to the Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA), as of January 2013, to complement their existing 3G networks, more than 140 wireless operators have deployed and more than 325 wireless operators are planning to deploy OFDMA-based technology, often called 4G, in new wireless spectrum to gain additional capacity for data services. As a result, we expect continued growth in the coming years in consumer demand for 3G and 3G/4G multimode products and services around the world. In addition, we expect an increasing number of devices, such as computers, consumer electronics and networking equipment, to require multiple communications technologies to support a variety of connected applications.
As we look forward to the next several months, the following items are likely to have an impact on our business:
The worldwide transition from 2G to 3G and 3G/4G networks is expected to continue, including the further expansion of 3G in China, India and other emerging regions. We expect that the emergence of lower-end smartphone products will contribute to such expansion.
We expect consumer demand for advanced 3G and 3G/4G multimode devices, including smartphones and data-centric devices, such as tablets and e-readers, to continue at a strong pace.
We expect that CDMA-based device prices will continue to vary broadly due to the increased penetration of smartphones combined with active competition throughout the world at all price tiers. Additionally, varying rates of economic growth by region and stronger growth of CDMA-based device shipments in emerging regions, as compared to developed regions, are expected to continue to impact the average and range of selling prices of CDMA-based devices.
We continue to invest significant resources toward the development of technologies and products for voice and data communications, primarily in the wireless industry, including advancements to 3G and 4G LTE (an OFDMA-based standard) networks, wireless baseband chips, our converged computing/communications (Snapdragon) chips, multimedia products, software and services, as well as our IMOD and other display technologies.
We expect industry demand for 28 nanometer integrated circuits to continue to be strong. We have worked closely with our suppliers to increase our supply of 28 nanometer integrated circuits and do not anticipate any significant supply shortages, relative to expected customer demand.
In addition to the foregoing business and market-based matters, we continue to devote resources to working with and educating participants in the wireless value chain as to the benefits of our business model in promoting a highly competitive and innovative wireless industry. However, we expect that certain companies may continue to be dissatisfied


23


with the need to pay reasonable royalties for the use of our technology and not welcome the success of our business model in enabling new, highly cost-effective competitors to their products. We expect that such companies will continue to challenge our business model in various forums throughout the world.
Further discussion of risks related to our business is presented in the Risk Factors included in this Quarterly Report.
Our Operating Results for the First Quarter of Fiscal 2013 Compared to the First Quarter of Fiscal 2012
    Revenues (in millions)
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
December 30, 2012
 
December 25, 2011
 
Change
Equipment and services
$
4,199

 
$
3,167

 
$
1,032

Licensing
1,819

 
1,514

 
305

 
$
6,018

 
$
4,681

 
$
1,337

The increase in equipment and services revenues was primarily due to an increase in QCT revenues of $1.04 billion. The increase in licensing revenues was primarily due to an increase in QTL revenues of $317 million.
    Operating Expenses (in millions)
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
December 30, 2012
 
December 25, 2011
 
Change
Cost of equipment and services (E&S) revenues
$
2,237

 
$
1,754

 
$
483

Cost as % of E&S revenues
53
%
 
55
%
 
 
The increase in margin percentage in the first quarter of fiscal 2013 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2012 was primarily attributable to an increase in QCT gross margin percentage. Our margin percentage may fluctuate in future periods depending on the mix of products sold and services provided, competitive pricing, new product introduction costs and other factors.
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
December 30, 2012
 
December 25, 2011
 
Change
Research and development
$
1,106

 
$
873

 
$
233

% of revenues
18
%
 
19
%
 
 
Selling, general, and administrative
587

 
503

 
84

% of revenues
10
%
 
11
%
 
 
The dollar increase in research and development expenses was primarily attributable to an increase of $195 million in costs related to the development of CDMA-based 3G, OFDMA-based 4G LTE and other technologies for integrated circuit and related software products and to expand our intellectual property portfolio and a $31 million increase in share-based compensation. Remaining dollar increases were related to development of our display technologies, other new product initiatives and our services businesses.
The dollar increase in selling, general and administrative expenses was primarily attributable to a $29 million increase in employee-related expenses and a $24 million increase in costs related to litigation and other legal matters.



24


    Net Investment Income (in millions)
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
December 30,
2012
 
December 25,
2011
 
Change
Interest and dividend income:
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate and other segments
$
164

 
126

 
$
38

QSI
1

 
4

 
(3
)
Interest expense
(8
)
 
(27
)
 
19

Net realized gains on investments:
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate and other segments
91

 
37

 
54

QSI
5

 
7

 
(2
)
Net impairment losses on investments:
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate and other segments
(4
)
 
(14
)
 
10

QSI
(6
)
 
(6
)
 

(Losses) gains on derivative instruments
(1
)
 
45

 
(46
)
Equity in losses of investees
(3
)
 
(2
)
 
(1
)
 
$
239

 
$
170

 
$
69

The increase in interest and dividend income on cash and marketable securities held by corporate and other segments was a result of higher average cash and marketable securities balances and adjustments in cash and marketable securities allocations. The decrease in interest expense was the result of capitalizing a portion of interest starting in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 related to the BWA network in India. The increase in net realized gains on investments was primarily due to adjustments in marketable securities allocations in fiscal 2013. Gains on derivative instruments in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 primarily resulted from changes in the fair value of put options sold in connection with our stock repurchase program which expired in fiscal 2012.
    Income Tax Expense (in millions)
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
December 30, 2012
 
December 25, 2011
 
Change
Income tax expense
$
424

 
$
321

 
$
103

Effective tax rate
18
%
 
19
%
 
(1
)%
The following table summarizes the primary factors that caused our effective tax rates for the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and 2012 to be less than the United States federal statutory rate:
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 30, 2012
 
December 25, 2011
Expected income tax provision at federal statutory tax rate
35
%
 
35
%
Benefits from foreign income taxed at other than U.S. rates
(17
%)
 
(15
%)
Benefits related to the research and development tax credit
%
 
(1
%)
Effective tax rate
18
%
 
19
%
The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2013 is lower than the effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 as a result of increased tax benefits from higher foreign earnings taxed at rates that are less than the United States federal tax rate, partially offset by a lower federal research and development tax credit. The annual effective tax rate for fiscal 2012 reflected the United States federal research and development credit generated through December 31, 2011, the date on which the credit expired.
The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, which reinstated the United States federal research and development tax credit retroactively from January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2013, was not enacted into law until the second quarter of fiscal 2013. Therefore, the expected tax benefit resulting from such reinstatement for fiscal 2013 will not be reflected in our estimated annual effective tax rate for fiscal 2013 until the second fiscal quarter. Additionally, the tax benefit resulting from such reinstatement for fiscal 2012 is expected to be recorded as a discrete tax benefit in the second quarter


25


of fiscal 2013. After consideration of both of these items, we estimate our annual effective income tax rate for fiscal 2013 will be approximately 16%.
Our Segment Results for the First Quarter of Fiscal 2013 Compared to the First Quarter of Fiscal 2012
The following should be read in conjunction with the first quarter financial results of fiscal 2013 for each reporting segment. See “Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, Note 7 - Segment Information.”
 
QCT
 
QTL
 
QWI
 
QSI
 
Reconciling
Items
 
Total
Three Months Ended December 30, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
4,120

 
$
1,757

 
$
146

 
$

 
$
(5
)
 
$
6,018

EBT (1)
1,068

 
1,532

 
(3
)
 
(17
)
 
(253
)
 
2,327

EBT as a % of revenues
26
%
 
87
%
 
(2
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended December 25, 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
3,085

 
$
1,440

 
$
152

 
$

 
$
4

 
$
4,681

EBT (1)
739

 
1,267

 
1

 
(34
)
 
(252
)
 
1,721

EBT as a % of revenues
24
%
 
88
%
 
1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)
Earnings (loss) before taxes.
QCT Segment. The $1.04 billion increase in QCT revenues was primarily due to an increase in equipment and services revenues. Equipment and services revenues, mostly related to sales of MSM and accompanying RF and PM integrated circuits, were $4.07 billion and $3.03 billion in the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and 2012 , respectively. The increase in equipment and services revenues resulted primarily from an increase of $637 million related to the net effects of changes in product mix and lower selling prices of such products and an increase of $396 million related to higher unit shipments. Approximately 182 million and 156 million MSM integrated circuits were sold during the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and 2012 , respectively.
The increase in QCT EBT as a percentage of revenues was due to both an increase in gross margin percentage and the 34% increase in QCT revenues relative to a combined 28% increase in research and development expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses. QCT gross margin percentage increased as a result of the net effects of a decrease in average unit costs and favorable product mix, partially offset by normal price declines and higher product support costs.
QCT inventories increased by 26% to $1.23 billion in the first quarter of fiscal 2013 from $973 million at September 30, 2012 primarily due to increases in work-in-process and finished goods related to the timing of inventory receipts and builds and the abatement of 28 nanometer supply constraints at the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2013.
QTL Segment. The $317 million increase in QTL revenues was primarily due to an increase in sales of CDMA-based devices by licensees. The decrease in QTL EBT as a percentage of revenues was attributable to the 22% increase in revenues relative to a 31% increase in operating expenses primarily due to an increased allocation of patent expenses in connection with the corporate reorganization and increased research and development expense from new projects.
QWI Segment. The $6 million decrease in QWI revenues was primarily due to a decrease in QES revenues.
QSI Segment. The $17 million decrease in QSI loss before taxes was primarily due to a $20 million decrease in interest expense as a result of capitalizing interest starting in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 related to the BWA network in India.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our principal sources of liquidity are our existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, cash generated from operations and proceeds from the issuance of common stock under our stock option and employee stock purchase plans. Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities were $28.4 billion at December 30, 2012 , an increase of $1.5 billion from September 30, 2012 . This increase included $340 million in proceeds from the issuance of common stock under our equity compensation plans. Our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities at December 30, 2012 consisted of $10.1 billion held domestically and $18.3 billion held by foreign subsidiaries. Of the amount of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities held by our foreign subsidiaries at December 30, 2012 , $17.8 billion is held in jurisdictions where our undistributed earnings are indefinitely reinvested and would be subject to material tax effects if


26


repatriated. Total cash provided by operating activities increased to $2.0 billion during the first quarter of fiscal 2013 , compared to $1.8 billion during the first quarter of fiscal 2012 .
During the first quarter of fiscal 2013 , we repurchased and retired 4,295,000 shares of our common stock for $ 250 million , before commissions. At December 30, 2012 , approximately $2.5 billion remained available for repurchase under our stock repurchase program. The stock repurchase program has no expiration date. We continue to evaluate repurchases as a means of returning capital to stockholders, subject to our periodic determinations that repurchases are in the best interest of our stockholders.
We paid cash dividends totaling $428 million, or $0.25 per share, on December 21, 2012. On January 15, 2013 , we announced a cash dividend per share of $0.25 per share on our common stock, payable on March 27, 2013 to stockholders of record as of March 8, 2013 . We intend to continue to use cash dividends as a means of returning capital to stockholders, subject to capital availability and our view that cash dividends are in the best interests of our stockholders.
Accounts receivable increased 13% during the first quarter of fiscal 2013 . Days sales outstanding, on a consolidated basis, were 25 days at December 30, 2012 , compared to 29 days at September 30, 2012 . The increase in accounts receivable and the decrease in the days sales outstanding was primarily due to the effects of timing of shipments and customer payments for receivables related to integrated circuits.
We believe our current cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities and our expected cash flow generated from operations will provide us with flexibility and satisfy our working and other capital requirements over the next fiscal year and beyond based on our current business plans.
Our research and development expenditures were $1.1 billion during the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and $3.9 billion in fiscal 2012 , and we expect to continue to invest heavily in research and development for new technologies, applications and services for voice and data communications, primarily in the wireless industry.
Cash outflows for capital expenditures were $205 million during the first quarter of fiscal 2013 and $1.3 billion in fiscal 2012, respectively, including approximately $480 million in fiscal 2012 related to the construction of a new manufacturing facility in Taiwan for our QMT division. We expect to continue to incur capital expenditures in the future to support our business, including research and development activities. Future capital expenditures may be impacted by transactions that are currently not forecasted.
Our purchase obligations for the remainder of fiscal 2013 and for fiscal 2014, some of which relate to research and development activities and capital expenditures, totaled $3.7 billion and $445 million , respectively, at December 30, 2012 .
We expect to continue making strategic investments and acquisitions, the amounts of which could vary significantly, to open new opportunities for our technologies, obtain development resources, grow our patent portfolio or pursue new business.
At December 30, 2012 , we have loan and debenture liabilities in the aggregate of $1.0 billion , which were classified as held for sale, related to the BWA spectrum won in India that are denominated in Indian rupees. At December 30, 2012 , loans in the aggregate of $451 million are due and payable in full on May 31, 2014 , one loan in the amount of $75 million is due and payable on December 1, 2014 , and $513 million in debentures, including accrued interest, are due and payable in full on June 25, 2017 . Each holder has the right to demand redemption of its portion of the debentures outstanding on June 25, 2013 subject to sufficient prior written notice. The loans bear interest at rates that are reset quarterly (ranging from 10.00% to 10.25% at December 30, 2012 ); interest payments are due monthly. The debentures bear interest at an agreed-upon annual rate, which is compounded annually and reset semi-annually beginning on June 25, 2013 ( 10.25% at December 30, 2012 ) with interest due upon redemption.
Contractual Obligations/Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no significant contractual obligations not fully recorded on our condensed consolidated balance sheets or fully disclosed in the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements. Our consolidated balance sheet at December 30, 2012 included an aggregate of $451 million and $75 million in loans and $513 million in debentures that are payable in full in Indian rupees on May 31, 2014 , December 1, 2014 and June 25, 2017 , respectively. The debentures can be redeemed by us without penalty on certain dates. Additionally, each holder has the right to demand redemption of its portion of the debentures outstanding on  June 25, 2013  subject to sufficient prior written notice. We have no material off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Regulation S-K 303(a)(4)(ii).


27


Additional information regarding our financial commitments at December 30, 2012 is provided in the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements. See “Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, Note 4 — Income Taxes” and “Note 6 — Commitments and Contingencies.”
Risk Factors
You should consider each of the following factors as well as the other information in this Quarterly Report in evaluating our business and our prospects. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial may also impair our business operations. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business and financial results could be harmed. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline. You should also refer to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2012 , including our financial statements and the related notes.
Risks Related to Our Businesses
Our revenues are dependent on the commercial deployment of CDMA, OFDMA and other communications technologies and our customers' and licensees' sales of communications equipment, products and services based on these technologies.
We develop, patent and commercialize technology and products based on CDMA, OFDMA and other communications technologies. Our revenues are dependent upon the commercial deployment of these technologies and our customers' and licensees' sales of wireless communications equipment, products and services based on these technologies. Our business may be harmed, and our substantial investments in these technologies may not provide us an adequate return, if:
wireless operators delay 3G and/or 3G/4G multimode deployments, expansions or upgrades and/or delay moving 2G customers to 3G or 3G/4G multimode devices;
LTE, an OFDMA-based 4G wireless standard, is not more widely deployed or commercial deployment is delayed;
government regulators delay the reallocation of 2G spectrum to allow wireless operators to upgrade to 3G, thereby restricting the expansion of 3G wireless connectivity, primarily outside of major population areas;
wireless operators are unable to drive improvements in 3G network performance and/or capacity; or
wireless operators and other industries using these technologies deploy other technologies.
Our business is dependent on our ability to increase our share of components sold and to continue to drive the adoption of our products and services into 3G, 3G/4G multimode and 4G wireless devices and networks. We are also dependent on the success of our customers, licensees, operators of CDMA- and OFDMA-based wireless networks and other industries using our technologies, as well as the timing of their deployment of new products and services, and they may incur lower gross margins on products or services based on these technologies than on products using alternative technologies. If commercial deployment or upgrades of these technologies or upgrades of 2G subscribers to 3G, 3G/4G multimode or 4G wireless communications equipment, products or services based on these technologies do not continue or are delayed, our revenues could be negatively impacted, and our business could suffer.
Our industry is subject to competition in an environment of rapid technological change that could result in decreased demand and/or declining average selling prices for our products and those of our licensees and/or result in new specifications or requirements placed upon our products, each of which could negatively affect our revenues and operating results.
Our industry is subject to rapid technological change, and we must make substantial investments in new products, services and technologies to compete successfully. Technological innovations generally require a substantial investment before they are commercially viable. We intend to continue to make substantial investments in developing new products and technologies, and it is possible that our development efforts will not be successful and that our new technologies will not result in meaningful revenues. Our products, services and technologies face significant competition, and the revenues generated or the timing of their deployment, which may be dependent on the actions of others, may not meet our expectations. Competition in the communications industry is affected by various factors that include, among others: evolving industry standards and business models; evolving methods of transmission for voice and data communications; networking; value-added features that drive replacement rates and selling prices; turnkey, integrated product offerings


28


that incorporate hardware, software, user interface and applications; and scalability and the ability of the system technology to meet customers’ immediate and future network requirements.
Our future success will depend on, among other factors, our ability to:
increase and/or accelerate demand for our integrated circuit products and drive their adoption into the most popular device models and across a broad spectrum of devices, such as smartphones, tablets and other mobile computing devices, and into a new generation of products for consumer electronics and connectivity, including gaming, wireless charging, eHealth and the connected home;
strengthen our integrated circuit product roadmap for, and develop channel relationships in, emerging geographic regions requiring turnkey product offerings for low-end smartphones;
be a preferred partner (and sustain preferred relationships) providing products that support Android, Windows Phone/RT and other operating system platforms to the partners that effectively commercialize new devices using these platforms;
continue to be a leader in 4G technology evolution, including expansion of our OFDMA-based single mode licensing program, and continue our timely introduction of 4G turnkey, integrated products and services;
be a leader serving original equipment manufacturers, high level operating systems (HLOS) providers, operators and other industry participants as new market entrants and other factors affect the industry landscape;
become a leading supplier of small cell technology (which allows inexpensive cell sites deployed by users to connect to traditional cellular networks through wired internet connections) to enable significant network capacity expansion to meet anticipated growth in mobile data traffic;
develop brand recognition as we compete against better known companies in mobile computing and other consumer driven arenas;
focus our service businesses on key opportunities, such as wireless charging, eHealth and machine-to-machine technologies (allowing both wireless and wired systems to communicate with other devices) that create standalone value and/or contribute to the success of our other businesses; and
succeed in significant foreign regions, such as China, India and Europe.
Companies that promote standards that are neither CDMA- nor OFDMA-based (e.g., GSM) and companies that design integrated circuits based on CDMA, OFDMA or their derivatives are generally competitors or potential competitors. Examples (some of which are strategic partners of ours in other areas) include Broadcom, CSR plc, Freescale, HiSilicon Technologies, Intel, Lantiq, Marvell Technology, Matsushita, MediaTek, Motorola Mobility, nVidia, Renesas Electronics, Samsung, Spreadtrum Communications, ST-Ericsson (a joint venture between Ericsson Mobile Platforms and ST-NXP Wireless), Texas Instruments and VIA Telecom. Many of these current and potential competitors have advantages over us that include, among others: motivation by our customers in certain circumstances to find alternate suppliers; foreign government support of other technologies; more extensive relationships with local distribution companies and original equipment manufacturers in emerging geographic regions (e.g., China); and/or a more established presence in certain device markets.
Certain of our software and our suppliers' software may contain or may be derived from “open source” software, and we have seen, and believe we will continue to see, an increase in customers requesting that we develop products, including software associated with our integrated circuit products, that incorporate open source software elements and operate in an open source environment, which, under certain open source licenses, may offer accessibility to a portion of a product's source code and may expose related intellectual property to adverse licensing conditions. Licensing of such software may impose certain obligations on us if we were to distribute derivative works of the open source software. For example, these obligations may require us to make source code for the derivative works available to our customers in a manner that allows them to make such source code available to their customers, or license such derivative works under a particular type of license that is different than what we customarily use to license our software. Developing open source products, while adequately protecting the intellectual property rights upon which our licensing business depends, may prove burdensome and time-consuming under certain circumstances, thereby placing us at a competitive disadvantage for new product designs. Also, our use and our customers' use of open source software may subject our products and our customers' products to governmental scrutiny and delays in product certification, which could cause customers to view our products as less desirable than our competitors' products. While we believe we have taken appropriate steps and employed adequate controls to protect our intellectual property rights, our use of open source software presents risks that could have an adverse effect on these rights and on our business.


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Competition may reduce average selling prices for our chipset products and the products of our customers and licensees. Total royalties payable to us will generally decrease as a result of reductions in the average selling prices of our licensees' products, unless offset by an increase in volumes. We anticipate that additional competitors will introduce products as a result of growth opportunities in wireless communications, the trend toward global expansion by foreign and domestic competitors, technological and public policy changes and relatively low barriers to entry in selected segments of the industry.
We derive a significant portion of our consolidated revenues from a small number of customers and licensees. If revenues derived from these customers or licensees decrease or the timing of such revenues fluctuate, our operating results could be negatively affected.
Our QCT segment derives a significant portion of revenues from a small number of customers, and we may be unable to further diversify our customer base. In addition, our industry is experiencing and may continue to experience an increasing concentration of device share among a few companies, and this trend may result in an increasing portion of our revenues being derived from a small number of customers. Further, there has been and continues to be litigation among certain of our customers and other industry participants, and the potential outcomes of such litigation, including but not limited to injunctions against devices that incorporate our products, could impact our business. The loss of any one of our significant customers, a reduction in the purchases of our products by such customers, or the delay, even if only temporary, or cancellation of significant purchases from any of these customers would reduce our revenues in the period of the delay or cancellation and harm our ability to achieve or sustain expected operating results. Further, concentration of device share among a few companies, and the corresponding purchasing power of these companies, may result in lower prices for our products which, if not accompanied by a sufficient increase in volume, could have an adverse effect on our revenues. In addition, the timing and size of purchases by our significant customers may be impacted by the timing of such customers' new or next generation product introductions, over which we have little or no control, and the timing of such introductions may cause our operating results to fluctuate. Accordingly, unless and until our QCT segment diversifies and expands its customer base, our future success will largely depend upon and be impacted by future purchases and the timing and size of any such future purchases by these customers.
Further, companies that provide HLOS for devices, including large companies, such as Microsoft and Google, have entered the device market. If we fail to effectively partner with these companies, or their partners or their customers, they may decide not to purchase (either directly or through their contract manufacturers), or to reduce or discontinue their purchases of, our integrated circuit products.
Although we have more than 225 licensees, our QTL segment derives a significant portion of licensing revenues from a limited number of licensees. Our future success depends upon the ability of our licensees to develop, introduce and deliver high-volume products that achieve and sustain customer acceptance. We have little or no control over the sales efforts of our licensees, and our licensees might not be successful. Reductions in the average selling price of wireless devices sold by our major licensees, without a sufficient increase in the volumes of such devices sold, could have an adverse effect on our revenues.
Our licensing revenues can be impacted by the deployment of other technologies in place of technologies based on CDMA, OFDMA and their derivatives, by the need to extend certain existing license agreements that are expiring and/or to cover additional later patents or by the success of our licensing programs for 4G single mode products and in emerging, machine-to-machine (M2M) services markets.
Although we own a very strong portfolio of issued and pending patents related to GSM, GPRS, EDGE, OFDM, OFDMA, WLAN, Multiple Input, Multiple Output (MIMO) and other technologies, our patent portfolio licensing program in these areas is less established and might not be as successful in generating licensing income as our CDMA licensing program. Many wireless operators are investigating or have selected LTE (or to a lesser extent WiMAX) as their next-generation 4G technologies for deployment in existing or future wireless spectrum bands as complementary to their existing CDMA-based networks. While multimode 3G/4G products are generally covered by existing 3G licensing agreements, products that implement 4G and do not implement 3G are generally not covered by existing 3G licensing agreements. Although we believe that our patented technology is essential and useful to implementation of the LTE and WiMAX industry standards and have granted royalty-bearing licenses to more than 40 companies (including LG, Nokia, Samsung and ZTE) to make and sell products implementing 4G standards but not implementing 3G standards, the royalty rates for single mode 4G products are generally lower than our royalty rates for 3G and 3G/4G multimode products, and therefore, we might not achieve the same licensing revenues on such LTE or WiMAX products as on 3G-based or multimode 3G/4G-based products. In addition, new connectivity services are emerging that rely on devices that may or may not be used on traditional cellular networks, such as devices used in gaming and the connected home. Standards, even de facto standards, that develop as these technologies mature may impact our ability to obtain royalties


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that are equivalent to those that we receive for 3G products used in cellular communications. Although we believe that our patented technology is essential and useful to the commercialization of such services, the royalties we receive may be lower than those we receive from our current licensing program.
The licenses granted to and from us under a number of our license agreements include only patents that are either filed or issued prior to a certain date and, in a small number of agreements, royalties are payable on those patents for a specified time period. As a result, there are agreements with some licensees where later patents are not licensed by or to us and/or royalties are not owed to us under such license agreements after the specified time period. In order to license or to obtain a license to such later patents, or to receive royalties after the specified time period, we will need to extend or modify such license agreements or enter into new license agreements with such licensees. We might not be able to modify those license agreements, or enter into new license agreements, in the future without affecting the material terms and conditions of our license agreements with such licensees, and such modifications or new agreements may impact our revenues. If we are unable to reach agreement on such modifications or new agreements, it could result in patent infringement litigation with such companies.
Efforts by some communications equipment manufacturers or their customers to avoid paying fair and reasonable royalties for the use of our intellectual property may require the investment of substantial management time and financial resources and may result in legal decisions and/or actions by governments, courts, Standards Development Organizations (SDOs) or other industry organizations that harm our business.
A small number of companies have initiated various strategies to attempt to renegotiate, mitigate and/or eliminate their need to pay royalties to us for the use of our intellectual property in order to negatively affect our business model and that of our other licensees. These strategies have included (i) litigation, often alleging infringement of patents held by such companies, patent misuse, patent exhaustion, and/or patent and/or license unenforceability, or some form of unfair competition, (ii) taking positions contrary to our understanding of their contracts with us, (iii) appeals to governmental authorities, (iv) collective action, including working with wireless operators, standards bodies, other like-minded companies and other organizations, on both formal and informal bases, to adopt intellectual property policies and practices that could have the effect of limiting returns on intellectual property innovations, and (v) lobbying governmental regulators and elected officials for the purpose of seeking the imposition of some form of compulsory licensing and/or to weaken a patent holder's ability to enforce its rights or obtain a fair return for such rights.
Some companies or entities have proposed significant changes to existing intellectual property policies for implementation by SDOs and other industry organizations, some of which would require a maximum aggregate intellectual property royalty rate for the use of all essential patents owned by all of the member companies to be applied to the selling price of any product implementing the relevant standard. They have further proposed that such maximum aggregate royalty rate be apportioned to each member company with essential patents based upon the number of essential patents held by such company. Others have proposed that injunctions not be an available remedy for infringement of essential patents and/or have made proposals that could severely limit damage awards and other remedies by courts for patent infringement (e.g., by severely limiting the base upon which the royalty percentage may be applied). A number of these strategies are purportedly based on interpretations of the policies of certain SDOs concerning the licensing of patents that are or may be essential to industry standards and our and/or other companies' alleged failure to abide by these policies. There is a risk that relevant courts or governmental agencies will interpret some or all of those proposals in a manner adverse to our interests or that some SDOs may adopt such proposals as so-called clarifications or amendments to their intellectual property policies. If such proposals and strategies continue and are successful in the future, our business model would be harmed, either by artificially limiting our return on investment with respect to new technologies, limiting our ability to seek injunctions against infringers of our standards' essential patents, or forcing us to work outside of the SDOs or such other industry groups to promote our new technologies, and our results of operations could be negatively impacted. As well, the legal and other costs associated with defending our position have been and continue to be significant. We assume that such challenges, regardless of their merits, will continue into the foreseeable future and may require the investment of substantial management time and financial resources to explain and defend our position.
Other companies or entities have commenced, and may again commence, actions seeking to establish the invalidity of one or more of our patents. In the event that one or more of our patents are challenged, a court may invalidate the patent(s) or determine that the patent(s) is not enforceable, which could harm our competitive position. If our key patents are invalidated, or if the scope of the claims in any of these patents is limited by court decision, we could be prevented from licensing the invalidated or limited portion of such patents. Such adverse decisions, depending upon their extent, could negatively impact our revenues. Even if such a patent challenge is not successful, it could be expensive and time consuming to address, divert management attention from our business and harm our reputation.


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The enforcement and protection of our intellectual property rights may be expensive, could fail to prevent misappropriation or unauthorized use of our proprietary intellectual property rights, could result in the loss of our ability to enforce one or more patents or could be adversely affected by changes in patent laws, by laws in certain foreign jurisdictions that may not effectively protect our intellectual property rights or by ineffective enforcement of laws in such jurisdictions.
We rely primarily on patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as nondisclosure and confidentiality agreements and other methods, to protect our proprietary information, technologies and processes, including our patent portfolio. Policing unauthorized use of our products, technologies and proprietary information is difficult and time consuming. We cannot be certain that the steps we have taken, or may take in the future, will prevent the misappropriation or unauthorized use of our proprietary information and technologies, particularly in foreign countries where the laws may not protect our proprietary intellectual property rights as fully or as readily as United States laws or where the enforcement of such laws may be lacking or ineffective. Some industry participants who have a vested interest in devaluing patents generally, or standards essential patents in particular, have mounted attacks on certain patent systems, increasing the likelihood of changes to established patent laws. In the United States, patents laws governing, among other things, the granting of patents and the enforcement of patents will change in March 2013 as a result of the Leahy -Smith America Invents Act. Many observers anticipate that the European Union will adopt a unitary patent system that may broadly impact that region's patent regime in the near future. We cannot predict with certainty the long-term effects of these changes or proposed changes. In addition, w e cannot be certain that the laws and policies of any country or the practices of any standards bodies, foreign or domestic, with respect to intellectual property enforcement or licensing or the adoption of standards, will not be changed in the future in a way detrimental to our licensing program or to the sale or use of our products or technology. We may have difficulty in protecting or enforcing our intellectual property rights and/or contracts in a particular foreign jurisdiction due to, among others: challenges to our licensing practices under such jurisdictions' competition laws; adoption of mandatory licensing provisions by foreign jurisdictions (either with controlled/regulated royalties or royalty free); failure of foreign courts to recognize and enforce judgments of contract breach and damages issued by courts in the United States; and challenges pending before foreign competition agencies to the pricing and integration of additional features and functionality into our chipset products.
We may need to litigate in the United States or elsewhere in the world to enforce our intellectual property rights, protect our trade secrets or determine the validity and scope of proprietary rights of others. As a result of any such litigation, we could lose our ability to enforce one or more patents or incur substantial unexpected operating costs. Any action we take to enforce our intellectual property rights could be costly and could absorb significant management time and attention, which, in turn, could negatively impact our operating results.
Claims by other companies that we infringe their intellectual property could adversely affect our business.
From time to time, companies have asserted, and may again assert, patent, copyright and other intellectual property rights against our products or products using our technologies or other technologies used in our industry. These claims have resulted and may again result in our involvement in litigation. We may not prevail in such litigation given the complex technical issues and inherent uncertainties in intellectual property litigation. If any of our products were found to infringe on another company's intellectual property rights, we could be subject to an injunction or required to redesign our products, which could be costly, or to license such rights and/or pay damages or other compensation to such other company. If we were unable to redesign our products, license such intellectual property rights used in our products or otherwise distribute our products through a licensed supplier, we could be prohibited from making and selling such products. In any potential dispute involving other companies' patents or other intellectual property, our chipset foundries, semiconductor assembly and test providers and customers could also become the targets of litigation. We are contingently liable under certain product sales, services, license and other agreements to indemnify certain customers against certain types of liability and/or damages arising from qualifying claims of patent infringement by products or services sold or provided by us. Reimbursements under indemnification arrangements could have an adverse effect on our results of operations. Furthermore, any such litigation could severely disrupt the supply of our products and the businesses of our chipset customers and their customers, which in turn could hurt our relationships with them and could result in a decline in our chipset sales and/or reductions in our licensees' sales, causing a corresponding decline in our chipset and/or licensing revenues. Any claims, regardless of their merit, could be time consuming to address, result in costly litigation, divert the efforts of our technical and management personnel or cause product release or shipment delays, any of which could have an adverse effect upon our operating results.
We expect that we may continue to be involved in litigation and may have to appear in front of administrative bodies (such as the U.S. International Trade Commission) to defend against patent assertions against our products by companies, some of whom are attempting to gain competitive advantage or leverage in licensing negotiations. We may


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not be successful in such proceedings, and if we are not, the range of possible outcomes includes everything from royalty payment to an injunction on the sale of certain of our integrated circuit products (and on the sale of our customers’ devices using such products). Any imposition of royalty payments might make purchases of our products less economical for our customers. A negative outcome in any such proceeding could severely disrupt the business of our chipset customers and their wireless operator customers, which in turn could harm our relationships with them and could result in a decline in our share of worldwide chipset sales and/or a reduction in our licensees' sales to wireless operators, causing corresponding declines in our chipset and/or licensing revenues.
A number of other companies have claimed to own patents essential to various CDMA standards, GSM standards and OFDMA standards or implementations of systems based on such standards. If we or other product manufacturers are required to obtain additional licenses and/or pay royalties to one or more of such other patent holders, this could have an adverse effect on the commercial implementation of our products and technologies, average sales prices of and demand for our licensees' products and our results of operations.
We depend on a limited number of third-party suppliers for our procurement, manufacture and testing of product inventories. If we fail to execute supply strategies that provide competitive advantage in terms of supply assurance, technology leadership and cost, our operating results and our business may be harmed.
Our QCT segment purchases raw materials, component parts, subassemblies and specialized manufacturing equipment from third-party suppliers and contracts with separate suppliers for probe, assembly, test and other services in the manufacture of product inventories. A reduction, interruption, delay or limitation in our product supply source, a failure by our suppliers to provide or allocate adequate manufacturing or test capacity for our products or their inability to react to shifts in product demand or an increase in raw material or component prices could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet customer demands, our business and/or our profitability. The loss of a supplier or the inability of a supplier to meet performance and quality specifications or delivery schedules could harm our ability to meet our delivery obligations to our customers and negatively impact our revenues, business operations and ability to compete for future business. In the event of a loss of or a decision to change a supplier, qualifying a new foundry supplier and commencing volume production or testing could cause us to incur additional expense and production delays, resulting in possible loss of customers.
While we have established alternate suppliers for certain technologies that we consider critical, we rely on sole- or limited-source suppliers for some products, subjecting us to significant risks, including: possible shortages of raw materials or manufacturing capacity; poor product performance; and reduced control over delivery schedules, manufacturing capability and yields, quality assurance, quantity and costs. To the extent we have established alternate suppliers, these suppliers may require significant levels of support to bring complex technologies to production. As a result, we may invest a significant amount of effort and resources in supporting, and incur higher costs to maintain, such alternate suppliers. Our arrangements with our suppliers may oblige us to incur costs to manufacture and test our products that do not decrease at the same rate as decreases in pricing to our customers. The ability of our suppliers to develop or maintain leading process technologies, including transitions to smaller geometry process technologies, and to effectively compete with the manufacturing performance of our competition, could also impact our ability to meet customer demand, increase our operating expenses and subject us to the risk of excess inventories. Our inability to meet customer demand due to sole- or limited-sourcing and/or the additional operating expenses that we incur because of these or other supply constraints or because of the need to support alternate suppliers could negatively impact our business, our revenues and our results of operations.
Although we have long-term contracts with our suppliers, many of these contracts do not provide for long-term capacity commitments. To the extent that we do not have firm commitments from our suppliers over a specific time period, or for any specific quantity, our suppliers may allocate, and in the past have allocated, capacity to the production and testing of products for their other customers while reducing or limiting capacity to manufacture or test our products. Accordingly, capacity for our products may not be available when we need it or at reasonable prices. To the extent we do obtain long-term capacity commitments, we may incur additional costs related to those commitments. As an example, we experienced capacity limitations from our suppliers related to 28 nanometer integrated circuits, resulting in supply constraints and our inability to meet certain customer demand during fiscal 2012 and the first quarter of fiscal 2013.
One or more of our suppliers or potential alternate suppliers may manufacture CDMA- or OFDMA-based integrated circuits that compete with our products. In this event, the supplier could elect to allocate raw materials and manufacturing capacity to their own products and reduce or limit deliveries to us to our detriment. In addition, we may not receive reasonable pricing, manufacturing or delivery terms. We cannot guarantee that the actions of our suppliers will not cause disruptions in our operations that could harm our ability to meet our delivery obligations to our customers or increase our cost of sales.


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Global economic conditions that impact the communications industry could negatively affect the demand for our products and our customers' products, which may negatively affect our revenues.
A decline in global economic conditions, particularly in geographic regions with high customer concentrations, could have adverse, wide-ranging effects on demand for our products and for the products of our customers, particularly equipment manufacturers or others in the wireless communications industry who buy their products, such as wireless operators. Any prolonged economic crisis may result in a downturn in demand for our products or technology; the insolvency of key suppliers; delays in reporting and/or payments from our licensees and/or customers; failures by counterparties; and negative effects on wireless device inventories. In addition, our direct and indirect customers' ability to purchase or pay for our products and services, obtain financing and upgrade wireless networks could be adversely affected by economic conditions, leading to a reduction, cancellation or delay of orders for our products.
Our stock price and earnings are subject to substantial quarterly and annual fluctuations and to market downturns.